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Detailed instructions for submission

It is recommended that all authors read the following instructions throughout before submitting their papers.

Method and format of submission
Style notes

Method and format of submission

HTML The preferred format is HTML with links to images already arranged. In essence, we expect a ready made WWW publication. If you do not know how to do html, then usually it is easy to find someone around the deptartment that can do it. If you find this impossible then we are willing to do it for you, but this is a lot of extra work and so Please only ask us if you have tried elsewhere.  File names should be in lower case (home.htm, not HOME.HTM)


How to submit

FTP. (the preferred method).   Send an e-mail to  asking for the current arrangements for using ftp. Create a directory with your surname, be careful to put your files in this directory only. Send an e-mail to confirm that you have sent a contribution.


Regular Mail. As a collection of   HTML files written to a 3.5" 720K, 800K or 1.4 MByte DOS or Macintosh formatted disk and sent by regular post to Dr Paul Heelis.


E-mail. In our experience, this is the least satisfactory method of sending files. However, if you are unfamiliar with ftp then we will try to accept your contribution with this method as well. Send the files to

We will be happy to provide advice, if problems are encountered in submitting papers.

No submissions on paper will accepted.


Submission by e-mail to Dr Paul Heelis (

Submission by post

Dr Paul Heelis
North East Wales Institute, PP19
Mold Rd
LL11 2AW
Tel +44 1978 293372
Fax +44 1978 290008

Style notes

Any reasonable arrangement of the various sections of the paper will be acceptable. However, a typical arrangement would be as follows, title, authors affiliation, abstract, introduction, materials and methods, results and discussion, conclusion, acknowledgments, references. The official logo of the institute may also be included above the title, but should not be intrusive.
The use of colour in graphs and figures is actively encouraged and is indeed a major advantage of the internet medium, but authors are urged to exercise the restraint appropriate to a scientific journal. For example, heading and subheadings may be in a different colour to the main text (black). The highlighting of sections with (for example) small images, is acceptable, but the use of background wallpaper or flashy special effects is not.
However, it should be remembered that subtle effects such as shading may look impressive on a hi-res 21 inch monitor, but would be completely lost on 14 inch monitor with just 16 colours. In addition large image files which may be slow to download should be avoided.


Reference lists should be divided into 2 sections,
a) Conventional references to paper journals. These can be cited in any style e.g.[1,2,3].
b) A separate list of references to electronic media e.g. WWW is required and should be cited as [E1,E2,E3.....].